Nucleic Acids I:
Nucleic acid monomers are the most complex. Chains of these monomers, the polynucleotides function as information storage, distribution and transmission agents for almost all living things.
- the nucleotide is the monomer for both major classes of polynucleotide.
- a nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base (a complicated chemical group of one or two linked rings of carbon and nitrogen)
- two different sugars, ribose and deoxyribose, are used in the two major classes of nucleotide.
- five common nitrogenous bases, adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine and uracil are components of nucleotides.
- in theory therefore there could be ten different nucleotides, but nature only uses eight of the possible ten.