JUST 3031 Individual versus Community: Struggling with Spinoza & Hashing it out with Herzl in Modern Jewish Thought

3 hours; 3 credits

Modernity challenged traditional Jewish society in innumerable ways. Considers how phenomena, such as Enlightenment, nationalism, feminism, and struggles for varied civil rights, spurred eclectic re-conceptualizations of Judaism. Explored through the influential writings of Spinoza, Mendelssohn, Heschel, Kook, and others. (Not open to students who have completed Judaic Studies 18.2 or 53.)


The City University reserves the right, because of changing conditions, to make modifications of any nature in academic programs and requirements of the university and its constituent colleges without advanced notice. Students are advised to consult regularly with college and department counselors concerning their programs of study.

Access the college's current and recent course bulletins.