Abstract - Natalia Rivers

When a large group of people from one culture live in one area, they tend to form an enclave. This is an area in which the language and traditions of the culture are prevalent. Haitians have been coming to the United States in large numbers since the late 1950s. A Haitian enclave exists in Miami called Little Haiti. Despite a larger Haitian population, an enclave does not exist in New York City. This paper identifies three major differences as the key factor for a successful Haitian enclave in Miami where one does not exist in New York City: the influence of the Catholic Church, ties to Haiti, and competition for space. Understanding how these two communities are different can have implications for the future of Haiti in the wake of the tragic January 12, 2010 earthquake.

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