How to Study
How to Study Reading Assignments
- Review the assignment prior to reading it. Skim the chapter outline and chapter summary.
- Formulate or review questions on the material prior to reading the assignment.
- Read the material in an alert and reactive manner. Stop to think about basic ideas.
- State in your own words the material you have just read. Notes will further your understanding and help your memory.
- Test yourself on your comprehension of the material. Review your notes and pinpoint areas which you need to read again.
How to Listen Effectively to a Lecture
- Review your course outline and preview the topic. Try to read course-related material prior to the lecture and to gather your thoughts on the topic.
- Listen effectively by concentrating and thinking about what is said. Ask yourself: "Do I really understand these concepts or this information?"
- Take notes on ideas and implications of ideas. Be brief and put the lecture material in your own words, writing legibly.
- Systematize your notes as soon after the lecture as possible. Place them in a separate folder.
- Review your notes as soon as possible following each lecture. Pinpoint trouble areas and clarify either with your professor or a classmate.
- Summarize the lecture once you understand the material thoroughly. Review again and again those areas in which you have difficulty.
Some Psychological Factors to Consider in Learning
- Motivation — Are you really interested in this material? If not, can you see its relevance to your major?
- Concentration — Are you focusing your full attention? Is the environment (including the telephone and other people) too much of a distraction.
- Reaction — Are you thinking about what you are reading? Is fatigue interfering with your ability to think?
- Organization — Do you see the overall theme of what you are studying? Do you see how the pieces of information fit together, or is it still a puzzle?
- Comprehension — Are you obtaining a gradual understanding of the material, or are you still confused?